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IELTS Writing
Task 1 Essentials
Trend nouns

Trend nouns

Common nouns for describing changes over time

Below are all the nouns that you'll ever need to write a Task 1 answer.

Going up

NounExample
increaseBetween 1992 and 2002, there was an increase of 2 million dollars in meat exports.
riseThe year 2010 saw a rise of 15% in the number of people who opted for online education.
growthFrom 2000 to 2010, there was significant growth in the country's GDP, from $4.7 trillion to $14.2 trillion.
climbThe period witnessed a steady climb from 12.9°C to 14.1°C in the average global temperature.
jump/leapA jump of 15% in public transportation use was recorded in urban areas from 2000 to 2010.
climbFrom 2000 to 2008, there was a substantial climb from 5% to 11% in the unemployment rate.
surgeThere was a surge, from 1.2 billion to 1.7 billion people, in the population of urban areas from 2000 to 2010.
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jump/leap, surge = a sudden, large increase

Going down

NounExample
decreaseThe year 2010 saw a decrease of 500,000 in the population of endangered Siberian tigers.
fallIn the period from 1990 to 2000, there was a significant fall in the unemployment rate, from 7% to 4%.
dropA drop of 10% in the literacy rate was seen in the rural areas from 2000 to 2010.
declineThere was a noticeable decline in annual rainfall, from 125 cm in 1990 to 110 cm in 2000.
dipThe national GDP took a slight dip from $15 trillion to $14.5 trillion between 2010 and 2015.
slumpThe number of houses sold suffered a slump, dropping from 10,000 in 2011 to 7,000 in 2012.
plungeThe oil industry experienced a plunge of 500,000 barrels a day in production between 2020 and 2021.
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slump, plunge = a sudden, large decrease

Staying the same

NounExample
..
..

Changing continuously

NounExample
..
..